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Grand Palais

Grand Palais

The Grand Palais (”Grand Palace”) is a large glass exhibition hall that was built for the Paris Exhibition of 1900. It is located in the 8e arrondissement of Paris, France.


History

The Grand Palais was built for the organization of the Universal Exposition of 1900. Before the one of 1900, Paris had organized 4 Universal Expositions, in 1855, 1867, 1878 and 1889.

After Great Britain had organized the first Universal Exposition in 1851, the French government decided to compete and organized its first Expo in 1855 in Paris. For that occasion, was built the palais de l’Industrie (Palace of Industry) which was located between the Champs-Elysées Avenue and the river la Seine, at the actual place of the Grand Palais and Petit Palais. The lenght of the palais de l’Industrie was parallel to the Champs-Elysées Avenue.

The palais de l’Industrie welcomed painting salons, agricultural and horticultural contests, horse shows and other kinds of events.

Due to the success of the Exposition in 1855, the following Expositions until 1889 happened next to Champs de Mars (next to Eiffel Tower), the palais de l’Industrie being too small.

On 13th of July 1892, the president of France Sadi Carnot promulgated a decree launching the Universal Exposition of 1900.

In August 1894, a contest of ideas for a new place to build for the next Exposition was organized. It was the idea of Eugène Hénard, architect of the city of Paris since 1888, that was adopted and that he will defend in front of the Chamber of Deputies.

His idea was to destroy the palais de l’Industrie, to create a new avenue starting from the Champs-Elysées Avenue in the direction of the Esplanade des Invalides, and to link rive gauche (southern part of Paris under the river la Seine) and rive droite (northern part of Paris above the river la Seine) by a bridge which name is pont Alexandre III (Bridge Alexander III).

On the 4th of July 1896 were submitted architectural projects for the construction of the Grand Palais.

The work began on the first days of 1897. It started with the demolition of the palais de l’Industrie. Only the entry was conserved as an office for architects. The last parts were destroyed at the beginning of 1900.

According to a law of the 12th of June 1975, the nave of the Grand Palais was classified as an ancient monument.

Business hours

10 am to 8 pm
On Wednesday, from 10 am to 8 pm
(The reception desk closes 40 minutes before the museum closes)


Closed days
Every Tuesday, January 1st and December 25th

Address/Map

Avenue Winston Churchill
75008 Paris


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