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Arc de Triomphe

Arc de Triomphe

Napoléon the 1st wished to edify a triumphal arch to pay homage to its armies, particularly to the Great Army (Grande Armée), to revive economy and to enable architects and sculptors to show their talents.
In 1798, 13 projects were submitted but none of them was adopted.
In 1802, Charles Louis Balzac supported one project, but he failed.

History

In february 1806 was constituted a committee of architects. The committee called upon Jean Chalgrin for the construction of the Arc de Triomphe.
Many different places were considered : Bastille, Invalides, Champ-de-Mars… Finally, the choice of Chalgrin was adopted : place de l’Etoile (in the past called “butte de Chaillot”).

The foundation stone was layed on the 15th of August 1806.

Work will go slowly and Chalgrin dies in 1811. Another architect, Goust, took over.

Occupation of Paris by Prussians made the work stop.
An ordinance of the 29th of October 1823 signed by Louis XVIII restarts the work, under the direction of the architects Goust and Huyot.

The monument is finally inaugurated on the 29th of July 1836.

The Arc de Triomphe is still an unfinished monument. A statue was supposed to be added on the top of the Arc de Triomphe. In 1882, the proposition of Falguière, a mock-up representing the Republic sitting on a chariot accompanied with the allegories of Justice and Freedom, is adopted. This sculpture will effectively be on the top of the monument until 1886, when it was destroyed.

The edifice weighs 50000 tons and is 50 meters high, about 50 meters wide and 22 meters deep.

In the Arc de Triomphe lies the Unknown Soldier (a soldier dead during WWI) since the 28th of January 1921. A flame was lighted 2 years later and is still burning today without interruption.

Access
Arc de Triomphe
Place Charles de Gaulle Etoile
75008 Paris


Station: Charles de Gaulle Etoile
Metro lines 1, 2, 6
RER A
Bus lines 22, 30, 31, 52, 73, 92

Telephone number +33.(0)1.55.37.73.77

Business hours
From April 1st to September 30th : from 10 am to 11 pm

From October 1st to March 31st: from 10 am to 22.30 pm

Closed on: January 1st, May 1st, May 8th (morning), July 14th (morning), November 11th (morning), December 25th

Tickets

Adults: 9€

18-25 years old persons: 5,50€

Groups (From 20 adults) 7€

Children with their family: free